The National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I Men’s Basketball Tournament is a single-elimination tournament for men’s college basketball teams in America.
It determines the winner of Division I, the top level of play at the NCAA, and the press frequently describes the winner as the national winner of college basketball.  The NCAA Tournament has been held annually since 1939, and its area grew from eight teams in the start to sixty-five teams by 2001; instead of 2011, sixty-eight teams get involved in the tournament. Teams may obtain invitations by winning a conference championship or receiving an at-large bid from a 10-person committee. The semifinals of the championship are known as the Final Four and are held in a different city each year, along with the championship match; Indianapolis, the town where the NCAA is based, will host the Final Four years before 2040. Each winning college receives a rectangular, gold-plated trophy made of wood.
The first NCAA Tournament was organized by the National Association of Basketball Coaches. Oregon won the inaugural tournament, beating Ohio State 46–33 from the first championship match. Before the 1941 tournament, command of this event was given to the NCAA. From the early years of this championship, it was considered less important than the National Invitation Tournament (NIT), a New York City-based occasion ] Teams were able to compete in both events at precisely the same year, and three of those that did so–Utah at 1944, Kentucky in 1949, and City College of New York (CCNY) at 1950–won the NCAA Tournament. The 1949–50 CCNY team won both tournaments (defeating Bradley in both finals), and is the only school basketball team to do this feat.  By the mid-1950s, the NCAA Tournament became the prestigious of the two occasions, and in 1971 the NCAA barred universities from playing in other tournaments, like the NIT, when they were invited into the NCAA Championship. The 2013 championship obtained by Louisville was the first men’s basketball national title to be vacated by the NCAA following the faculty and its trainer at the time, Rick Pitino, were implicated in a 2015 sex scandal involving recruits.
The University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) was the most successful faculty from the NCAA Tournament, winning 11 national titles. Ten of these championships came during a 12-year stretch from 1964 to 1975. UCLA also holds the record for the successive championships, winning seven in a row from 1967 to 1973. Kentucky gets the second-most titles, with eight. North Carolina is third with six championships, while Duke and Indiana follow with five each. Virginia is the most recent champion, having defeated Texas Tech in the closing of this 2019 tournament. One of head trainers, John Wooden is the all-time leader with 10 championships; he also coached UCLA throughout their period of success in the 1960s and 1970s. Duke’s Mike Krzyzewski is second one time with five titles.
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